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Umhlahlandlela womzali we-strep throat ezinganeni

Umhlahlandlela womzali we-strep throat ezinganeniImfundo Yezempilo

Ukukhwehlela okungapheli nokuthimula, amakhala agobayo, namaqhubu alumayo angachazeki — izingane zibonakala ziyibuthe lamagciwane. Kumhlahlandlela womzali wethu ezifweni zobuntwana, sikhuluma ngezimpawu nokwelashwa kwezimo ezivame kakhulu. Funda uchungechunge oluphelele lapha .

Yini i-strep throat? | Izimpawu | Izinkinga | Ukuxilongwa | Ukwelashwa | Ukuvimbela | Ukutheleleka okuphindaphindiwe komphimbo



Umphimbo wami ubuhlungu.



Lapho ingane yakho isho lokhu, kungenzeka ukuthi ingqondo yakho yeqa iqonde ngqo ku-strep throat. Yize kungesona ukuphela kwesizathu esingahle sibe khona se- Umphimbo obuhlungu , kuvamile — futhi kuyakhathaza. Ngokwelashwa akuvamile ukuthi kube kubi kakhulu, kepha i-strep throat ezinganeni ngokuvamile kusho ukuthi isikhathi sokuphuma esikoleni noma ukunakekelwa kwezinsuku, ukuya kudokotela, kanye nomjikelezo wama-antibiotic. Ngamanye amagama, akumnandi kunoma ngubani ohilelekile.

Yini i-strep throat?

I-Strep emphinjeni ukutheleleka okubangelwa uhlobo lwama-bacterium abizwa nge-group A streptococcus. Leli gciwane libhekele Ama-20% kuye kuma-30% wabo bonke umphimbo obuhlungu .



I-Strep emphinjeni iyathelelana kakhulu, kusho Soma Mandal , MD, umfundi oqeqeshwe ebhodini eSummit Medical Group eBerkeley Heights, eNew Jersey. Imvamisa, amagciwane asakazeka ngokuthimula nangokukhwehlela. Kungasakazwa ngokwabelana ngezinto zomuntu siqu njengezinkomishi nezitsha nomuntu one-strep throat.

Noma ngubani angabamba i-strep throat, kepha kuvame kakhulu ezinganeni. Izingane nentsha bathambekele kakhulu kuso, ngoba bona iya esikoleni namaqembu amakhulu , UDkt Mandal uthi. Kuvame kakhulu eminyakeni yobudala emi-5 kuye kwengu-15 futhi akuvamile ezinganeni ezingaphansi kweminyaka emithathu ubudala.

Abazali bangabamba ngokuphelele strep umphimbo ezinganeni zabo, ngakho-ke qaphela ukugwema ukuvezwa ngenkathi unakekela ingane ene-strep throat. Ngokwelashwa kwama-antibiotic, i-strep throat ezinganeni kuvame ukuthathelana Amahora angama-24 kuya kwangu-48 .



Ukuqina komphimbo kuvame ukuxazulula ngaphandle kwama-antibiotic zingakapheli izinsuku eziyisikhombisa kuya kwezingu-10, kepha kunengozi eyengeziwe yezinye izimo (njenge-rheumatic fever) futhi umuntu uhlala ehlangana amasonto amabili kuya kwamathathu, kusho uToni Brayer, MD, FACP, ongudokotela wezangaphakathi I-San Francisco.

Ukwehla kwezimpawu zomphimbo ezinganeni

Izimpawu ze-strep throat zingaba mnene noma zibe nzima. Zivame ukuvela izinsuku ezintathu kuya kwezinhlanu ngemuva kokuchayeka kumagciwane.

Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu ze-strep throat yilezi:



  • Umkhuhlane ongaqala ngokuzumayo futhi uvame ukuba phezulu ngosuku lwesibili
  • Amakhaza
  • Ubomvu, umphimbo obuhlungu ongahle ube nezimagqabhagqabha ezimhlophe noma ubomvu
  • Ubuhlungu bomphimbo lapho ugwinya
  • I-lymph nodes evuvukile, nethenda yentamo

Ezinye izimpawu zingabandakanya:

kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani ukusebenza nge-fluconazole
  • Ulimi olubomvu, oluvuvukile, olunamaqhubu olunama-tastebuds akhulisiwe (abizwa ngokuthi ulimi lwe-sitrobheli)
  • Amabala amancane abomvu ophahleni lwangemuva lomlomo
  • Ukuphathwa ikhanda, ukucasuka, noma ukuxubana
  • Ukulala ngaphezu kokujwayelekile
  • Ukungathandi ukudla, isicanucanu, noma ukuhlanza, ikakhulukazi ezinganeni ezincane
  • Ubuhlungu besisu
  • I-Scarlatina (imfiva ebomvu) —ukuqubuka okubomvu emzimbeni okuzwakala kukubi njenge-sandpaper futhi kungavela emahoreni ayi-12 kuya kwangu-48 ngemuva kwezimpawu zokuqala

Ezinye noma zonke izimpawu zingaba khona nge-strep throat.



Uma ingane yakho inekhala eligobayo, ukukhwehlela, ukuminyana, amehlo alumayo, ubuhlungu bemisipha noma bomzimba, noma ezinye izimpawu ezibandayo, akunakwenzeka ukuthi kube yi-strep throat.

Ingabe i-strep throat is serious?

Inhloso yokwelashwa ukuvimbela izinkinga, kusho uDkt. Mandal. Uma i-strep throat ishiywa ingalashwa izinkinga zesikhathi eside zifaka:



  • I-acute rheumatic fever (isifo esingathinta inhliziyo, amalunga, ubuchopho nesikhumba)
  • I-Poststreptococcal arthritis esebenzayo (isimo sokuvuvukala esibangela ubuhlungu obuhlangene nokuvuvukala)
  • I-Scarlet fever (ukuqubuka okuhambisana nokutheleleka nge-strep kanye nezimpawu zomphimbo we-strep)
  • IStreptococcal toxic shock syndrome (isifo esingajwayelekile kodwa esibi kakhulu sebhaktheriya)
  • I-glomerulonephritis enamandla (uhlobo lwesifo sezinso)
  • Isifo se-autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder (isimo sezinzwa nezengqondo)

Ngenxa yokuthi amacala amaningi we-strep throat aphathwa ngama-antibiotic ngaphambi kokuba aqhubeke, lezi zinkinga azivamile. Izingane ezindala zivame ukusula ukutheleleka ngaphandle kwama-antibiotic ngaphandle kwalezi zinkinga.

yini uhlobo olujwayelekile lwe-qvar?

Yini okufanele ngiyenze uma ingane yami ine-strep throat?

Uma ingane yakho ikhombisa izimpawu ze-strep throat, yenza i-aphoyintimenti noma ushayele umhlinzeki wezokunakekelwa kwezempilo, imvamisa udokotela womndeni noma udokotela wezingane, phakathi nosuku lokuqala kuya kwezinsuku ezimbili zokugula. Kungcono ukuqala ama-antibiotic emahoreni angama-48 okuqala okugula ukunciphisa izimpawu nesikhathi sokuphulukisa, kusho uDkt Brayer.



Umhlinzeki wezokunakekelwa kwempilo uzokwenza ukuhlolwa ngokomzimba okubandakanya ukubuka ngaphakathi komphimbo wengane, ukuzwa intamo yengane, nokubuza imibuzo mayelana nezimpawu zengane nolwazi lwezempilo. Uma kusolwa i-strep, umhlinzeki wezokunakekelwa kwempilo kungenzeka a-oda ukuhlolwa kwe-strep. Uma kunezimpawu zesifo segciwane noma sokuphefumula, akunconywa ukwenza ukuhlolwa kwe-strep. Futhi, ukuhlolwa akunconyelwe izingane ezineminyaka engaphansi kweminyaka emithathu noma zabantu abadala.

Odokotela bangathatha isiko lomphimbo ngokuswayipha umphimbo nge-swab oyinyumba bese beyithumela ebhodini, elibambezela ukuxilongwa cishe ngamahora angama-24 kuye kwangama-48, noma bangenza isivivinyo se-strep antigen swab ngokushesha khona ehhovisi bese bethola umphumela osheshayo, uDkt Brayer uthi. Uma lokho kuhlolwa kwe-strep okusheshayo kungalungile, kepha izimpawu zikhomba ku-strep, zingathumela isiko kubhu ukuze ziqinisekiswe noma kunjalo.

Ukwelashwa kwe-strep throat ezinganeni

Umgogodla wokuqina ungaphela ngaphandle kwama-antibiotic, ikakhulukazi ezinganeni ezindala, kepha ukungalashwa kwe-strep emphinjeni kubeka ingane engcupheni enkulu yezinkinga ezinkulu kakhulu futhi kwandisa isikhathi ingane esithelela ngaso.

I-Strep throat ngokuvamile iphathwa ngenkambo yezinsuku eziyi-10 yama-antibiotic, imvamisa i-penicillin noma amokfillin . Kwesinye isikhathi umhlinzeki uzokhetha ukwelapha ingane ngesibhamu esisodwa (semisipha) se-penicillin. Uma ingane inenkinga yokungezwani komzimba ne-penicillin noma i-amoxicillin, amanye ama-antibiotic, njenge-cephalosporins, angazama. Kubalulekile ukuthatha yonke inkambo yama-antibiotic, noma ngabe seziphelile izimpawu.

Ngaphezu kokwelashwa kwama-antibiotic, ezinye izinto ezingasiza ukwenza ingane izizwe ingcono futhi ikhuthaze ukwelashwa kubandakanya:

  • Phatha imithi yasetafuleni (i-OTC), efana I-Advil , UMotrin (ibuprofen ), noma UTylenol ( acetaminophen ) yokuphumula kwezinhlungu nokunciphisa imfiva. Ungayiniki ingane i-aspirin ngoba lokhu kungaholela esimweni esingajwayelekile kodwa esibi esibizwa Isifo sikaReye .
  • Khuthaza uketshezi ukuvimbela ukoma.
  • (I-Ginger ale iyinketho ethandwayo, kepha amanzi ayindlela engcono kakhulu. Gwema iziphuzo ezine-asidi ezifana nejusi lewolintshi nezinye iziphuzo ezisawolintshi.)
  • Nikeza iziphuzo ezifudumele, njenge-caffeine-free lemon tea, nokungeza uju (ezinganeni ezingaphezulu kweminyaka emibili).
  • Nikeza ukwelashwa okubandayo kweqhwa okufana nama-popsicles, noma ama-lozenges womphimbo wezingane ezindala nentsha. Gwema ukuzinikeza izingane ezincane ngoba zingakwazi ukuziminyanisa.
  • Hlikihla ngamanzi anosawoti ezinganeni ezingaphezulu kweminyaka yobudala eyisithupha (futhi ezikwazi ukukhafula esikhundleni sokugwinya).
  • Sebenzisa i-vaporizer enenkungu epholile noma i-humidifier ukusiza ukoma nokuthoba i Umphimbo obuhlungu . Njalo sebenzisa inkungu epholile, ungalokothi ufudumele noma ushise.
  • Nikeza ingane ukudla okuthambile, okulula ukukugwinya.
  • Khuthaza ingane ukuthi iphumule kakhulu.

OKUSHIWO: Izindlela zokwelapha zomphimbo ezingama-25

Ungayivimbela kanjani i-strep throat ezinganeni

Njengazo zonke izifo ezithathelwanayo, inhlanzeko enhle ihamba ibanga elide ukuvimbela ukusabalala kwe-strep throat. Ukusiza ukuvimbela ukusabalala komphimbo kusuka kubantu abanegciwane kuye kwabaphilile:

  • Khuthaza ukugeza ngezandla okufanele futhi okuvamile (kwawo wonke umuntu!)
  • Fundisa ingane yakho ukumboza konke ukuthimula noma ukukhwehlela. Okufanelekile, kufanele kusetshenziswe izicubu. Uma eyodwa ingatholakali, ukuthimula noma ukukhwehlela ku-shirtsleeve kuzokwenza. Ungathimuli noma ukhwehlele ezandleni (uma izingane zisebenzisa izandla, zenze zigeze izandla.)
  • Gcina izitsha zokudla kwengane enegciwane, izitsha, nezingilazi zokuphuza zihlukile kwezinye ezomndeni. Zigeze ngamanzi ashisayo anensipho njalo emva kokuwasebenzisa.
  • Qiniseka ukuthi ingane ethelelekile ayihlanganyeli ngokudla, iziphuzo, napkin, amaduku, amathoyizi, noma amathawula namanye amalungu omndeni noma omunye umuntu. Lokhu kuwumkhuba omuhle ukungena noma ngabe wonke umuntu uphilile ukusiza ukuvimbela ukubamba izifo kwabanye.
  • Phonsa isixubho sezinyo sengane yakho ngemuva kokuqala ukwelashwa ngama-antibiotic futhi ingane ayisathelelani. Faka esikhundleni esisha.

Izingane ezifunda esikoleni ezine-strep throat kufanele uhlale ekhaya ungafundi . Izingane ziyathathelana kakhulu uma zigula nge-strep throat, kusho uDkt. Brayer. Bangakwazi buyela esikoleni lapho bengasenawo umkhuhlane futhi sebethathe ama-antibiotic okungenani amahora angama-24 futhi bazizwa bephilile. Khumbula lokho amahora angama-24 agcwele.

UDkt. Mandal uncoma ukuthi izingane zigcinwe emakhaya isikhathi esingaphezulu nasesikoleni. Uma ingane kutholakala ukuthi ine-strep throat, kufanele ihlale ekhaya kuze kube yilapho isineminyaka engama-48 isetshenziswa ama-antibiotic, kusho uDkt. Mandal. Lokhu kuzovimbela ukusakazeka kwe-strep kwezinye izingane.

Ingabe ukuphindeka komphimbo kungabuya?

Noma ngubani angaphinde abambe i-strep throat futhi ezimpilweni zabo zonke, kepha ezinye izingane zizwa umphimbo ophindaphindiwe, okubandakanya ukutholakala une-strep throat izikhathi ezingaphezu kweziyisikhombisa ngonyaka owodwa. Lokhu kuvame ukuphathwa yi-a imvubukwe (ukususwa kwamathanga engane.) Kubalulekile ukuthi i-strep throat iqinisekiswe ngokuhlolwa kwebhu (i-strep esheshayo noma isiko lomphimbo) ukugwema ama-antibiotic nezinqubo ezingadingekile. Kwezinye izingane, ukutheleleka nge-strep kuyaqhubeka ngemuva kokuhlinzwa. Lokhu kunga kubangelwa :

  • Ukumelana namagciwane: Ukumisa ama-antibiotic ngaphambi kokuphela kokwelashwa kungadala ukuthi amabhaktheriya athuthukise ukumelana nomuthi, okwenza ukuthi ama-antibiotic angasebenzi kahle.
  • Amasosha omzimba abuthakathaka: Lokhu kungenza ingane yakho ukuthi ichayeke kalula ezifweni, kufaka phakathi i-strep throat.
  • Isithwali esifihliwe: Abanye abantu bangabathwali bezimpawu ze-strep bacteria. Kungenzeka ukuthi ingane isondelene njalo nomphathi we-strep.
  • Ukutheleleka kabusha kusuka kumathuluzi wamazinyo: Ukwehluleka ukubuyisela ibhulashi lamazinyo lengane nokufaka amagciwane ngokufanele ezintweni eziseduze ezifana nomnikazi webhulashi lamazinyo kungabuyisela amabhaktheriya e-strep.

Ukwehla komphimbo ukugula okuvamile futhi okungathandeki ezinganeni ezingasakazeka nakubantu abadala. Ukushiywa kungalashwa, kungaba nezinkinga ezinkulu. Ngokujabulisayo, ngenkambo yama-antibiotic, inhlanzeko enhle, kanye ne-TLC enhle yakudala, izingane ezine-strep throat zivame ukuzizwa zingcono ezinsukwini ezimbalwa, futhi zilulame ngokuphelele ezinsukwini eziyi-10.