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Ngabe usilungele isimo esiphuthumayo sezokwelapha endizeni?

Ngabe usilungele isimo esiphuthumayo sezokwelapha endizeni?Imfundo Yezempilo

Ukungezwani komzimba kanye nezinye izimo eziphuthumayo zezokwelapha kungenzeka noma kuphi, kufaka phakathi izinyawo ezingama-31,000 emoyeni . Eqinisweni, olunye ucwaningo lwalulinganisela lokho indiza eyodwa kwezingu-604 kuhilela inkinga ethile yempilo. Okuvame kakhulu? Zibandakanya ukuquleka (32.7%), izingqinamba zesisu (14.8%), ukuphefumula (10.1%), nezimpawu zenhliziyo (7%).

Futhi noma ngabe udokotela egibele ngubani ongasiza uma umgibeli ehlangabezana ne-anaphylaxis, isifo senhliziyo, noma isithuthwane, indiza uqobo lwayo ingaphatha wonke amathuluzi nempahla edingekayo ukunakekela izimo eziphuthumayo ezithile ezindizeni .



Ngasekuqaleni konyaka, isibonelo, udokotela womndeni nobuntu be-YouTube UDkt. UMikhail Varshavski (aka Dr. Mike) usindise odumile umgibeli akanye naye endizeni ebheke kwa-Israel. Le ndoda, ebingenawo umlando wokungezwani nezinto ezithile ngakho-ke ibingenasizathu sokuphatha esayo I-EpiPen , yashaqeka nge-anaphylactic. Ikhithi yezokwelapha eyayisesigodini yayiqukethe i-epinephrine yokuhlaselwa yisifo senhliziyo, kepha leyo miyalo iphezulu kakhulu ukuthi inganikezwa isiguli esine-anaphylaxis. UDkt Mike wathola indlela yokuwenza usebenze, umgibeli walulama ngokuphelele.

Kepha iqiniso ukuthi izindiza eziningi okwamanje azidingeki ukuthi zithwale i-EpiPens (noma i-epinephrine nhlobo), ngenxa yokuxolelwa kweminyaka emine okunikezwe yi I-Federal Aviation Administration kubathwali abathize abangama-50. Ukukhululwa kusebenza futhi kweminye imithi emithathu: i-atropine, i-dextrose, ne-lidocaine. Lokhu kukhululwa kudalwe ngentshisekelo yomphakathi jikelele ngenxa yokushoda kwabakhiqizi bezidakamizwa ezisetshenziswa ezimweni eziphuthumayo. Iningi lemithi yokwelashwa okuphuthumayo kwezindiza igcina iphelelwe yisikhathi futhi ilahliwe, futhi abaphenduli bezimo eziphuthumayo abasebenza phansi basebenzisa lezi zidakamizwa kaningi. Ukukhululwa kudalelwe ukukwazi ukuguqula izidakamizwa zingatholakali ziye ezinsizakalweni ezisemhlabeni kuqala. Lokhu kukhululwa kuphelelwa yisikhathi ngoJanuwari 2020.

Yize lokhu kungasho ukuthi indiza yakho nakanjani ngeke ube nalezi zinto; kusho ukuthi ayikho isiqinisekiso bazoba semkhunjini.



Yiziphi izinto zokwelashwa ezidingeka ukuthwala izindiza?

Ngokusho kwe- Ikhodi ye-Federal Regulations , zonke izindiza zasekhaya nezasemazweni aphesheya zase-U.S. kumele zifakelwe izinto ezilandelayo ukulungiselela izimo eziphuthumayo ezindiza:

  1. Phakathi kwekhithi yosizo lokuqala neyodwa, kuye ngenani lezihlalo zabagibeli
  2. Amabhandeshi amaningi, izinsimbi, nemishini yokunakekela amanxeba
  3. I-stethoscope
  4. Amaski e-CPR, idivayisi yokuvuselela, nezinye izinto zokuphefumula
  5. Ikhithi yokuphatha ye-IV
  6. Izinaliti nemijovo
  7. Ama-painkillers, ama-antihistamine, ne-aspirin
  8. I-bronchodilator
  9. I-Nitroglycerin
  10. I-defibrillator yangaphandle ezenzakalelayo

Yize lezi zinto ziwusizo impela futhi zidingekile, ngeke zihlanganise yonke inkinga engaqhamuka indiza. Lokho kusho ukuthi kukuwe, njengomhambi, ukuthi uzilungiselele, ikakhulukazi uma unezinkinga ezithile (njengezifo zokwaliwa ukudla), kuchaza uNorman Tomaka, usokhemisi ongumeluleki wasemtholampilo eMelbourne, eFlorida, kanye nomkhulumeli we I-American Pharmacists Association . Asifuni [abahambi] babe nomuzwa ongamanga wokuphepha, kusho uTomaka.

Esikhundleni salokho, lindela okuhle kepha uzilungiselele okubi kakhulu, kusho USandra Gawchik, DO , umqondisi obambisene wokuhlukaniswa kokungezwani komzimba nokuzivikela komzimba eCrozer-Chester Medical Center eChester, ePennsylvania. Okusemqoka ukuthi uma usohambweni ufuna ukuqiniseka ukuthi unemithi yakho yini, usho kanjalo. Awufuni ukuba nayo emgqonyeni ongaphezulu, ufuna ukuthi itholakale kalula.



Lokhu kusebenza ekutakuleni ama-inhalers we-asthma, i-EpiPens, nanoma imuphi omunye umuthi ongadinga ukufinyelela kuwo ngokushesha ezimweni eziphuthumayo, usho kanjalo. Uncoma nokuthi uqinisekise ukuthi ohamba nabo bazi ukuthi bangayitholaphi imithi yakho nokuthi bangayisebenzisa kanjani.

Yiziphi izinto zokwelapha okufanele uzipakishe?

Ngokuya ngesimo sakho, kufanele ucabangele ukufaka ezinye — noma zonke — zalezi zinto emithwalweni yakho yokuphatha.

uhlela b ukusebenza ngemuva kokukuthatha

1. I-EpiPen (noma amabili)

Uma une-allergies ebucayi kungenzeka usuyazi vele ukuthi leyo ayanele— ezimbili I-EpiPens zibalulekile, kusho uDkt. Gawchik. Kungenxa yokuthi ngenkathi umthamo owodwa uzokhulula i-anaphylaxis, izimpawu zingabuya emahoreni amathathu kuya kwayisishiyagalombili. Uma bekwenza, futhi usahamba, uzodinga ukutholwa kwesibili.



ezimbili. I-antihistamine, efana neBenadryl

I-Anaphylaxis akuyona kuphela uphawu lokungezwani komzimba. Eqinisweni, isifuba nokunwaya kuvame kakhulu. Umthamo we UBenadryl kungasiza. Yini embi ngayo? Kungakwenzela ukulala (okungenzeka kungabi yinto enkulu kangako, ikakhulukazi uma usendizeni yamehlo abomvu). Futhi, qiniseka ukuthi wehlise i-cocktail yendiza njenge IBenadryl notshwala akuhlangani .

3. Ukhilimu wokulwa (i-hydrocortisone)

I-Hydrocortisone ukhilimu usebenza ngokushesha futhi kufanele ulethe ukukhululeka uma kwenzeka uthola ukungezwani komzimba okuhlobene nesikhumba, kusho uTomaka.



Isine. Amaphilisi ezinhlungu e-OTC

Akukho okungenza indiza idonse njengekhanda (kahle, ngaphandle kwesihlalo esixoxa ngokweqile). Yebo, acetaminophen mhlawumbe ungomunye wemithi ezindizeni ongayithola kumuntu osebenza endizeni — kodwa kulula kakhulu ukufinyelela esikhwameni sakho sokuphatha ikhambi lakho lekhanda olikhethayo.

5. Imithi elwa nohudo

Uma uqala ukugula ngenxa yaleyo buffet yehhotela elibi ihora elilodwa endizeni yakho, uzofisa sengathi ngabe ubukhona Imodium ngomumo. Khumbula: izinkinga eziqhubekayo ze-GI zingaholela ekuphelelweni amanzi emzimbeni, futhi ukuphelelwa amandla emzimbeni kungasheshe kube yisimo esiphuthumayo sezokwelapha.



6. Ukuqapha ushukela wegazi

Unesifo sikashukela, qiniseka ukuthi uphatha noma yini oyisebenzisayo ukugcina ushukela wegazi lakho uhlaziwe, kufaka phakathi nokuqapha ushukela wegazi. Ukuphahlazeka kukashukela egazini endizeni kungaba yingozi enkulu, ikakhulukazi uma indiza yakho ingaphethe i-dextrose. Kufanele ugweme lokhu kungenzeka ngazo zonke izindlela.

7. Amakhophi emiyalo yakho

Ekugcineni, qiniseka ukuthi yonke imithi yakho ezindizeni ifakwe ilebuli yokuqala noma ilebula lekhemisi, kweluleka uTomaka. Unxusa izihambi ukuthi ziphathe amakhophi ayo yonke imiyalo kanye namanothi odokotela bakho. Ngokukhethekile nge-EpiPens, uphakamisa ukwazisa abasebenzi bezindiza ukuthi uphethe eyodwa ukuze bakwazi ukulungela umcimbi ongalindelekile ozowudinga ukuwusebenzisa.



Lapho usupakishe izinto ezifanele, ungakhululeka futhi ujabulele i-movie yendiza, wazi ukuthi noma ngabe kwenzeka okubi kakhulu, uyilungele!