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Izibalo zokuvota 2021

Izibalo zokuvota 2021Izindaba

Kuyini ukuvutha? | Idume kangakanani? | Izibalo zomhlaba eziphuthumayo | Izibalo ze-U.S. Vaping | Izibalo ze-Vaping ngeminyaka | Izibalo zentsha evuthayo | Vaping vs. ukubhema | Imiphumela yezempilo | Izindleko | Kungani abantu vape | Ukumiswa | Imibuzo evame ukubuzwa | Ucwaningo

Sesihambe ibanga elide kusukela ngeminyaka yama-60s lapho izinkanyezi zaseHollywood zikhukhumaza osikilidi ezikrinini zesiliva futhi abazali bakhanyisa ezindlini zabo zokuhlala. Eminyakeni engama-60 edlule, osikilidi bendabuko nemikhiqizo kagwayi bebelokhu bephuma kancane kancane kumasiko, njengoba ukusetshenziswa kwehle ngama-68% kubantu abadala ( I-American Lung Association ). Kepha ekuphumeni kwabo, babamba umnyango uvulekele i-bane entsha kubadokotela bamaphaphu kuyo yonke indawo: ama-e-cigarettes.



Abantu baseMelika, ikakhulukazi abadala, bathengise iMarlboros neNewports ngama-JUUL pods kanye nama-vape pens. Emakhoneni emigwaqo, kuvulandi ongemuva, nasezindleleni zomgwaqo ngaphesheya kwe-United States, ungabamba abantu abakhukhumele amafu omphunga onamakha. Kube nezingxoxo eziningi ngokuphepha kokusetshenziswa kwe-e-cigarette, nemiphumela yako empilweni yethu yomphakathi. Ungafunda noma yiliphi inani lamabhulogi nokuthunyelwe kwemithombo yezokuxhumana mayelana nezingozi ezihlobene nokufaneleka kwe-vaping, futhi kulula ukulahleka kokhula. Kepha lapha uzothola izibalo eziqondile kuma-e-cigarettes nakumaqiniso aphefumulayo.



Kuyini ukuvutha?

Igama lobuchwepheshe yi-electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS), okuyigama lesambulela elihlanganisa izibaya ze-vape, ama-pods, amathangi, ama-mods nogwayi kagesi. Lawa madivayisi aklanyelwe ukulingisa ukubhema kukagwayi noma kwe-cigar kusetshenziswa umusi onamandla esikhundleni sentuthu. Basebenzisa isici sokushisa esivuthisa uketshezi (i-propylene glycol, i-glycerin, i-nicotine, ne-flavouring), okuvumela umsebenzisi ukuthi ayidonsele.

Imvamisa, i-e-cigarettes inesisekelo esishajekayo — imvamisa ibukeka njengamapeni noma ama-USB flash drive — namakhadibhodi alahlwayo aqukethe i-e-liquid enamakha. Ngakho-ke, yize amadivayisi we-vape efaka into yokushisa, empeleni akukho ukushisa noma intuthu ehilelekile. Inani le-nicotine kuma-e-cigarettes liyahluka phakathi kwemikhiqizo nezindlela zokulethwa, futhi ukufakwa kwelebula akuthembekile ngaso sonke isikhathi. Ngenxa yokuthi le mikhiqizo ayinakho ukuhlanganiswa kwamakhemikhali okufanayo kogwayi futhi igwema imiphumela elimazayo yentuthu, eminye ifake futhi yathengisa ama-e-cigarettes njengenye indlela ephephile kunogwayi ojwayelekile. Kepha njengoba ukusetshenziswa kwe-e-cigarette kukhuphuka, izingozi zabo zezempilo ziya ngokusobala.



Idume kangakanani i-vaping?

Ukusetshenziswa kwe-e-cigarettes kuyanda — kepha ingabe kuyimfashini edlulayo noma izosala lapha? Izibalo zamanje zokukhuphuka zinganikeza umongo othile futhi zisize ukumodela ukunyuka okuqhubekayo.

  • Kusukela ngo-2018, abantu abadala abangu-9% base-U.S. Bathe bavame ukuvota noma ngezikhathi ezithile. (Gallup, 2018)
  • E-U.S., Abafundi abangu-27.5% besikole samabanga aphezulu basebenzisa imikhiqizo ye-vape. (Iqiniso Lokuqalisa, 2019)
  • Ngokusho kocwaningo lwango-2019, ngaphezu kwabafundi abayizigidi ezi-5 base-U.S nabaphakathi nasesikoleni esiphakeme basebenzise i-e-cigarettes ezinsukwini ezingama-30 ezedlule. (Ukuphathwa Kwezokudla Nezidakamizwa zase-U.S., 2019)
  • Bacishe babe yisigidi esingu-1 abasebenzisi be-e-cigarette abasebenzisa lo mkhiqizo nsuku zonke, kanti abayizigidi eziyi-1.6 bawusebenzisa ngaphezu kwezikhathi ezingama-20 ngenyanga. (Ukuphathwa Kwezokudla Nezidakamizwa e-U.S., 2019)

Izibalo ze-Vaping emhlabeni jikelele

  • Ngo-2011, kwakukhona abasebenzisi abayizigidi ezingu-7 be-e-cigarette emhlabeni jikelele. Ngo-2018, lelo nani lase lenyuke laba yizigidi ezingama-41. (Inhlangano Yezempilo Yomhlaba, 2018)
  • Kuzoba nabasebenzisi baka-e-cigarette abalinganiselwa ezigidini ezingama-55 emhlabeni wonke ngonyaka we-2021. (I-Euromonitor, i-2018)
  • Ukuthengiswa kwe-vaping emhlabeni wonke kufinyelele ku- $ 15.7 billion ngo-2018 futhi kulindeleke ukuthi kufinyelele ku- $ 40 billion ngo-2023. ( I-Lancet , 2019)
  • Izimakethe ezintathu ezinkulu kakhulu zemikhiqizo evukayo yi-United States, i-United Kingdom, neJapane. (I-Euromonitor, i-2018)

Izibalo zokuvota e-U.S.

  • Cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabangu-20 baseMelika usebenzisa amadivayisi we-vaping, futhi umsebenzisi oyedwa kwabathathu uvota nsuku zonke. ( Izitatimende Zemithi Yangaphakathi , 2018)
  • Abangu-8% baseMelika babika ukuthi basebenzise imikhiqizo evuthayo esontweni eledlule. (Gallup, 2019)
  • I-Oklahoma inezinga eliphakeme kakhulu lokusetshenziswa kwe-e-cigarette, ilandelwa yiLouisiana, Nevada, Ohio, Tennessee naseKentucky. (CDC, 2017)
  • IWashington, DC inezinga eliphansi kakhulu lokusetshenziswa kwe-e-cigarette, ilandelwe yiNingizimu Dakota, California, Maryland, neVermont. (CDC, 2017)

Izibalo ze-Vaping ngeminyaka

  • Ama-20% abantu baseMelika abaneminyaka eyi-18 kuya kwengama-29 basebenzisa imikhiqizo ye-vape, uma kuqhathaniswa nama-16% alabo abaneminyaka engama-30 kuya kwengama-64, futhi bangaphansi kuka-0.5% phakathi kwalabo abaneminyaka engama-65 nangaphezulu. (Gallup, 2018)
  • Abantu abasha abaneminyaka engu-15 kuya ku-17 banamathuba aphindwe kayi-16 okuvota kunabantu abaneminyaka engama-25 kuya kwengama-34. (IQiniso Initiative, 2018)
  • Ukusuka ku-2017 kuya ku-2019, iphesenti labafundi besikole samabanga aphakeme abathukile ezinsukwini ezingama-30 ezedlule lenyuke phakathi kwabafundi be-12th (11% kuya ku-25%), ama-grade 10 (8% kuya ku-20%), kanye nama-grade 8 (4% kuya ku-9%) . ( INew England Journal of Medicine , 2019)

Izibalo zentsha evuthayo

  • Ukusetshenziswa kwentsha ye-e-cigarette kukhuphuke ngo-1,800% kusuka ngo-2011 kuya ku-2019. (I-Truth Initiative, 2019)
  • Ababili kwabathathu babasebenzisi abasha be-JUUL (abaneminyaka engu-15 kuya kwengu-21) abazi ukuthi umkhiqizo uqukethe i-nicotine njalo. (Iqiniso Lokuqala, 2019)
  • Ku-2019, i-10.5% yabafundi bezikole eziphakathi babike ukuthi basebenzise imikhiqizo evuthayo ngenyanga edlule. (CDC, 2019)
  • Cishe i-61% yentsha ekwenza i-vape ukuzama, i-42% ngoba ithanda ukunambitheka, i-38% ibe nesikhathi esihle, i-37% yokudambisa ukungezwani, ne-29% izizwe kahle noma iphakeme. (Ukuqapha Ikusasa, 2019)

I-Vaping vs. izibalo zokubhema

  • Ngaphezu kwe-30% yentsha eqala ukusebenzisa i-e-cigarettes iqala ukubhema imikhiqizo kagwayi yendabuko ezinyangeni eziyisithupha. (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2016)
  • Bangu-15% kuphela abasebenzisi be-e-cigarette base-US abangabhemi. ( Izitatimende Zemithi Yangaphakathi , 2018)
  • Intsha e-U.S. Isethubeni eliphindwe kane lokuzama osikilidi futhi iphindwe kathathu ukubhema njalo uma isivele iyisebenzisile imikhiqizo evuthayo. (Iqiniso Lokuqala, 2019)
  • Iningi (70%) lababhemayo ababhemayo besikole samabanga aphezulu basebenzisa nemikhiqizo evuthayo. (Udokotela ohlinzayo Jikelele, 2020)

OKUSHIWO: Umbiko wokubhema ka-2020

Imiphumela yezempilo ye-vaping

Abantu abaningi bacabanga ngokuqhamuka njengenye indlela enempilo yokubhema, kepha lokhu akunjalo ngempela. Kungenzeka kunempilo , kodwa lokho akusho ukuthi ziphilile. Lapho sifunda okwengeziwe ngama-e-cigarettes, sithola imiphumela eyingozi kakhulu yezempilo. Kokukodwa, imikhiqizo evuthayo iqukethe i-nicotine, elutha kakhulu, ngakho-ke okuqala njengomkhuba kungakhula kube umlutha omkhulu we-nicotine.



  • Kube nezigameko ezingama-2,807 ezibhedlela zokulimala kanzima kwamaphaphu okuhambisana nemikhiqizo evuthayo, okuholele ekufeni kwabantu abangu-68 kusukela ngoFebhuwari 2020. (CDC, 2020)
  • Cishe izingane ezingama-5,000 ezingaphansi kweminyaka engu-5 zathola ukwelashwa kwamagumbi okuphuthumayo ngokuvezwa kwe-e-liquid nicotine phakathi kuka-2013 no-2017. (Iqiniso Lokuqala, 2019)
  • Ucwaningo lwakamuva kumagundane luthole ukuthi ama-22.5% ezifundo ezivezwe intuthu kagwayi e-e amasonto angama-54 zenze i-lung adenocarcinomas kwathi i-57.5% yathuthukisa i-urothelial hyperplasia yesinye. ( Izinqubo zeNational Academy of Sciences , 2019)

Ngenkathi i-e-cigarettes isengumkhuba omusha, izifundo zizixhumanise nokwanda kwengcindezi yegazi, Isifo senhliziyo , ukuvuvukala kwezinsini , isifo samaphaphu , imiphumela yokuthuthuka kobuchopho , futhi ukulimala kanzima kwamaphaphu .

OKUSHIWO: Ingabe ukuqhuma noma ukubhema kuyayandisa ingozi yakho yokuthola i-COVID-19?

yisiphi isiraphu yokukhwehlela engakunyusela phezulu

Izindleko ze-vaping

Yize ngokuvamile kushibhile kunogwayi bendabuko, ukuhwamuka akubizi. Ukuvota kungabiza u- $ 387 kuya ku- $ 5,082.50 ngonyaka kanti ukubhema iphakethe likagwayi ngosuku kungabiza u- $ 2,087.80 kuya ku- $ 5,091.75, ngokusho komkhiqizi Umphunga Ongenaluzwela . Futhi izindleko ze-vaping aziyeki ngentengo yemikhiqizo. Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, ukuqhuma kungabangela izinkinga ezinkulu zempilo, izimo eziphuthumayo kanye nokulaliswa esibhedlela.



  • Ukuthengiswa komkhiqizo we-E-cigarette kanye ne-vape kulindeleke ukuthi kufinyelele ngaphezu kwama- $ 40 billion ngonyaka ka-2023. ( I-Lancet , 2019)
  • Izindleko eziphakathi kwabasebenzisi be-e-cigarette abajwayelekile zingama- $ 50 kuye ku- $ 75 ngenyanga futhi zifinyelela ku- $ 250 ngenyanga. ( Ukuvimbela Nokuyeka Ugwayi , 2016).
  • Ukuvakashelwa kwegumbi lezimo eziphuthumayo kubiza u- $ 1,389 ngokwesilinganiso ngo-2017. (Health Care Cost Institute, 2019) Qaphela: Lezi izindleko zokuvakasha kwe-ER nganoma yisiphi isizathu — hhayi nje okuhlobene nokuhwamuka.)
  • Ukuhlala esibhedlela izinsuku ezintathu kubiza u- $ 30,000. (Healthcare.gov) Qaphela: Lezi izindleko ezijwayelekile zokuhlala esibhedlela — hhayi nje okuhlobene nokuhwamuka.
  • Ukwehluleka kokuphefumula nokungakwazi ukusebenza kahle, umdlavuza wamaphaphu, umfutho wegazi ophakeme, isifo senhliziyo, kanye nenyumoniya (zonke izimo zezempilo ezihlobene nokuhwamuka) ziphakathi kwezimo zezempilo ezibiza kakhulu, ezinesilinganiso sama- $ 9,793 kuya ku- $ 17,868 ngokuhlala esibhedlela. (IBusiness Insider, 2018)

Izizathu zokuthi kungani abantu vape

Emuva lapho i-vaping iqala ukuthola ukuthambeka komphakathi, ngandlela thile, babebhekwa njengosikilidi be-lite. Iningi labasebenzisi be-e-cigarette babebhema bezama ukwenza ushintshi, badonswe iphunga elihle kakhulu, ukunambitheka okungcono, ukunambitheka okuhlukahlukene, kanye nombono wokuthi imikhiqizo evuthayo iphephe futhi inempilo.

Kepha ngokuhamba kweminyaka, inani labantu abebephuphuma liye lancipha kakhulu. Umsebenzisi we-vape ojwayelekile akasengumuntu oneminyaka engama-25 kuye kwengama-45 ubudala ozama ukuyeka ukubhema. Esikhundleni salokho, ngumuntu oneminyaka engu-15 kuya kwengu-19 ubudala, isikole samabanga aphezulu JUULing nabangane ngenkathi bezihlalela. Ngenxa yalokho, izizathu zokukhuphuka zishintshile. Ngokuya nge-NIH Monitoring the future survey, laba basebenzisi abasebasha bavota:

  • ukubona ukuthi kunjani (60.9%)
  • ngoba bathanda ukuthi kunambitheka kanjani (41.7%)
  • njengomsebenzi womphakathi (37.9%)
  • ukuphumula (37.4%)
  • ukuzizwa kahle noma ukukhuphuka (29.0%)
  • banesithukuthezi (28.7%)
  • ngoba bacabanga ukuthi kubukeka kupholile (15.2%)
  • banomlutha (8.1%)
  • ukusiza ukuyeka ugwayi ojwayelekile (6.1%)

Vele, kusenenqwaba enkulu yabasebenzisi be-e-cigarette abavota njengenye indlela yokubhema, kepha lelo nani labantu libonakala lincipha.



Ukumiswa kwe-Vaping

I-Vaping ikhokhelwe njengendlela yokuyeka ukubhema, kepha ama-e-cigarettes angaqukatha i-nicotine eningi (futhi kwesinye isikhathi ngaphezulu), ebenza babe umlutha ofanayo. Ngoba zitholakala kalula futhi zisebenziseka kalula noma kuphi, imikhiqizo ye-vape ingaba nzima kakhulu ukuyilahla.

Noma ngubani owake wazama ukukhahlela osikilidi ejwayelekile kunqenqemeni lomgwaqo uyazi ukuthi ukuhamba turkey ebandayo, ngenkathi kusebenza ngempumelelo, kunzima kakhulu. Lawa maqhawe amakhulu ayakhishwa, abantu abaningi babona imiphumela engcono evela kwinqubo ehamba kancane.

Isinyathelo sokuqala imvamisa silula, kepha sisebenza kakhulu: khomba abagqugquzeli. Abantu abazi kahle ngani bafuna ukuyeka babe nendlela ekhonkolo, enqamula phambi kwabo. Inethiwekhi yokubika ingaba nomphumela ofanayo. Ama-Vapers ngokuxhaswa ngabangane, umndeni, nabanye ngokuvamile bakuthola kulula ukuhlala beqinile. Ukuthola imisebenzi yokufaka esikhundleni se-vaping nakho kungasiza, njenge-chewing gum, imbewu ye-sunflower, noma i-toothpick. Abantu abazama ukuyeka kufanele bazi nezimbangela zabo, izimo abavame ukufinyelela kuzo i-JUUL noma ipeni le-vape ukuze bakwazi ukuzilungiselela ngokwengqondo ukubhekana nazo.



Ukuhoxa kweNicotine akulona ihlaya, futhi abanye abantu bakhetha ukuzikhumula ngamachashazi e-nicotine, insini noma izifutho zamakhala. Ngokuya ngokuthi umuntu usebenzise kaningi kangakanani imikhiqizo ye-vape, lezi zindlela zokwelapha ezingena esikhundleni se-nicotine zingasebenza futhi. Odokotela bangabuye banikeze ukubhema izidakamizwa zokuyeka njenge I-Chantix futhi Zyban .

Ukuhlanganisa imibuzo nezimpendulo

Bangaki abantu emhlabeni vape?

Kwakunabasebenzisi be-e-cigarette abayizigidi ezingama-41 emhlabeni wonke (i-World Health Organisation) kusukela ngonyaka we-2018, futhi lelo nani kulindeleke ukuthi lifinyelele ezigidini ezingama-55 ngonyaka we-2021 (i-Euromonitor).

Yiliphi iqembu leminyaka elidala kakhulu?

Intsha kanye nabantu abadala. UGallup uthi ukuthi ama-20% abantu abaneminyaka eyi-18 kuye kwengama-29 vape, uma kuqhathaniswa ne-9% yabantu abaneminyaka yobudala engama-30 kuya kwengama-49, i-7% yabantu abaneminyaka yobudala engama-50 kuya kwengama-64, futhi engaphansi kuka-0.5% wabantu abadala kuneminyaka engama-65. Abaneminyaka engu-15 kuya kwengu-17 banamathuba aphindwe ka-16 okuvota kunabaneminyaka engama-25 kuya kwengama-34.

Bangaki intsha vape?

Cishe i-12% yebanga le-12th, i-6.9% ye-10th graders, ne-1.9% ye-8th graders vape nsuku zonke, ngokusho kwe Ucwaningo lweNational Institute of Drug Abuse .

Kwenzani ukuvutha kwemiphunga emaphashini akho?

Ama-e-cigarettes akhiqiza amakhemikhali amaningi anobuthi axhumene nesifo samaphaphu, kufaka phakathi i-acetaldehyde, i-acrolein, i-formaldehyde, nezinsimbi ezahlukahlukene ezisindayo (i-American Lung Association). Ukwengeza, imikhiqizo ethile evuthayo idale amacala angaphezu kwe-2,800 ahlukene wokulimala kanzima kwamaphaphu (CDC).

Ngabe ukuphefumula kuphephile?

Cha. Noma ucwaningo luqhubeka, ukuqhuma kuxhunyaniswe nesifo senhliziyo, isifo samaphaphu kanye nokulimala kanzima kwamaphaphu.

Ingabe i-vaping iyalutha?

Yebo. Ugwayi we-E uqukethe i-nicotine, isidakamizwa esilutha kakhulu. Ucwaningo lwakamuva lwe-CDC luthole ukuthi i-99% yayo yonke imikhiqizo ephefumulayo ine-nicotine-ngisho naleyo ethi ayinayo i-nicotine.

Ingabe ukuhwamuka kubi kakhulu kunogwayi?

Ukuvota akukubi kangako kunosikilidi. Njengoba ingakhiqizi intuthu, ingaba ngcono kancane, kepha yomibili ayinampilo. Ama-e-cigarettes aqukethe amakhemikhali ayingozi futhi ucwaningo oluqhubekayo luyaqhubeka nokuwaxhumanisa nezifo ezahlukahlukene.

Ngabe i-e-cigarettes iholele ekwandeni kokusetshenziswa kukagwayi?

Cha ukusetshenziswa kwendabuko kogwayi (ikakhulukazi osikilidi), kuye kwehla kusukela ekuqaleni kweminyaka yama-2000. I-CDC iyabika ukuthi ukubhema ugwayi kwehle kusuka ku-20.9% ngo-2005 kuya ku-13.7% ngo-2018.

Bangaki abantu emhlabeni jikelele abashone njengomphumela oqondile wokuhwamuka?

Azikho izibalo ezinembile ngokufa kwabantu emhlabeni jikelele, kodwa ukulimala kwamaphaphu okubangelwa yimikhiqizo evuthayo kuxhunyaniswe nokufa kwabantu abangama-68 e-U.S. Kuze kube manje. Kodwa-ke, ngoba ukuvutha kungumkhuba omusha, kungahle kube yiminyaka eminingana ngaphambi kokuthi sibone imiphumela yayo yesikhathi eside.

Ucwaningo lwe-Vaping: