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I-Benadryl engazeli: Yikuphi ongakhetha kukho?

I-Benadryl engazeli: Yikuphi ongakhetha kukho?Imininingwane Yezidakamizwa

Ama-antihistamine, njengeBenadryl, angenye yezindlela zokwelapha ezihamba phambili zokunciphisa izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba nokubandayo. Kepha ukozela kungumphumela ojwayelekile we-antihistamine, futhi kwesinye isikhathi kungaba kubi (noma kubi) kunokuthimula noma ukuhogela. Ukozela okuvela kuma-antihistamine kungadala ukuncishiswa kokuxhumana nokusheshisa ukusabela, okwenza imishini yokushayela neyokusebenza ibe yingozi kakhulu. Kunzima kakhulu - futhi kujwayelekile - ukuthi abanye abantu bathathe iBenadryl njengesisizo sokulala, kwesinye isikhathi esiholela ekuthambekeni kokulala. Ama-antihistamine adala ukozela angakhuphula ingozi yokuwa kwabantu abaneminyaka engaphezu kwengama-65. Ngenhlanhla, kulabo abafuna ukugwema izingozi zalowo muzwa wobuthongo, kunama-antihistamine ahlukahlukene angazeli.

yenza izicubu zisize ngokucanuzela kwenhliziyo nokuhlanza

Ayini ama-antihistamine?

Ukungezwani komzimba kwenzeka lapho izinto ezingezwani nomzimba — ezifana nempova, isilwane esifuywayo, amakinati, ukulunywa omiyane, noma i-ragweed — zidala amakhemikhali emzimbeni okuthiwa ama-histamines. Lapho ikhiqizwa, ama-histamine abangela ukungezwani komzimba nezimpawu ezifaka ikhala eligcwele; isifuba nokuqubuka kwesikhumba; noma ukulunywa umphimbo, amehlo, noma ikhala.



Ama-antihistamine yimishanguzo eshibhile futhi etholakala ngaphezu kwekhawunta. Zinciphisa noma zivimba ama-histamine, zivimbela izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba. Ama-antihistamine asiza ukunciphisa izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba ezibangelwa ukungezwani kwemvelo, kwesizini, noma kokudla.

Ama-antihistamine esizukulwane sokuqala

Ama-antihistamine esizukulwane sokuqala (athuthukiswe eminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-60 edlule) avame ukudala ubuthongo. Amanye amagama womkhiqizo ajwayelekile afaka:

  • I-Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
  • I-Unisom (doxylamine)
  • I-Dayhist (clemastine)
  • I-Chlor-Trimeton (i-chlorpheniramine)

Ama-antihistamine esizukulwane sokuqala asemakhondweni amaningi e-over-the-counter (OTC) nemithi ebandayo, njenge-Nyquil noma i-Advil PM. Lezi ngezinye ze esetshenziswa kakhulu izidakamizwa emhlabeni.



uyini umehluko phakathi kwe-losartan ne-valsartan

OKUhlobene : Ngabe kuphephile ukuphuza utshwala ngenkathi uthatha umuthi wokwaliwa?

Ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili nesesithathu

Ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili kanye nesizukulwane sesithathu adalwe kamuva nje. Lawa ma-antihistamine abangela ukozela okuncane futhi adinga ukuthathwa kaningi usuku lonke ukuze asebenze kahle. Lawa ma-antihistamine awahlali phansi.

Ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili, aqala ukwethulwa ngo-1981, afaka uClaritin (loratadine) noZyrtec (cetirizine). Ama-antihistamine esizukulwane sesithathu, amasha sha emakethe, afaka i-Allegra (fexofenadine).



Ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili nesesithathu nawo angaba nokuhlukahluka okuqukethe i-pseudoephedrine (isithako esisebenzayo eSudafed). Lawa ma-antihistamine afaka i-Allegra-D, Claritin-D, noma iZyrtec-D. Inhlanganisela ye-pseudoephedrine ne-antihistamine iyasiza ngokucinana kwamakhala ngaphezu kokukhululeka kokungezwani komzimba.

Ngabe uBenadryl uyozela noma akozeli?

Ukozela kungumphumela omkhulu wecala likaBenadryl nomphumela ohlangothini ovamile kuwo wonke ama-antihistamine esizukulwane sokuqala. IDiphenhydramine isithako esisebenzayo eBenadryl kanye nezinsiza zokulala ze-OTC.

Ngenkathi kungekho mkhiqizo weBenadryl ongazeli otholakalayo, kukhona ama-antihistamine angahlali phansi, njengeZyrtec noma i-Allegra. Ukuphumula kungumphumela owodwa weZyrtec, noma kunjalo, ngakho-ke kungenzeka kungabi inketho engcono kakhulu ongayithatha ngaphambi kokulala.



umehluko phakathi kukavithamini d2 novithamini d3

Ingabe ikhona i-antihistamine engezeli?

Ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili nesesithathu, njengoClaritin no-Allegra, akhangiswa njengama-antihistamines angezeli. Ucwaningo luthole ukuthi ngenkathi ama-antihistamine wesizukulwane sesibili nesesithathu engaba nawo ukuthambisa okuthile imiphumela kubantu ngabanye, kungukuthi a okuncane kunama-antihistamine esizukulwane sokuqala.

Yimuphi umuthi ongcono kakhulu wokungezwani nezinto ezithile ongazeli?

Imithi yokungezwani nokwelashwa okungeyena owozelayo ingelapha ukungezwani komzimba nomzimba. Lokhu kufaka phakathi ama-antihistamines angezeli, njenge:



  • I-Claritin (loratadine) : Le antihistamine yesizukulwane sesibili inciphisa imiphumela yama-histamines futhi imise okubangela okuholela ekuthimuleni, ekhaleni eligobayo, ekulungeni nasemehlweni amanzi. Imiphumela emibi ifaka phakathi ubuhlungu besisu, ikhanda, nokukhathala. Umthamo ojwayelekile weClaritin yi-10 mg tablet eyodwa kanye ngosuku. I-Claritin yezingane nayo iyatholakala ngesimo samathebulethi angahlafunwayo nesisombululo soketshezi.
  • I-Zyrtec (cetirizine) : Le antihistamine yesizukulwane sesibili inciphisa imiphumela yama-histamines, imise okubangela okuholela ekuthimuleni, ekhaleni eligobayo, ekulungeni, amehlo anamanzi, kanye nasezinyangeni. Imiphumela emibi ifaka phakathi ikhanda, ukushaya kwenhliziyo okungajwayelekile, ubuthakathaka nokungazinzi. Umthamo ojwayelekile we-Zyrtec yi-5 kuya ku-10 mg tablet ngomlomo kanye ngosuku. I-Zyrtec yezingane iyatholakala kumathebulethi angaqhekeka kanye nesiraphu.
  • I-Allegra (fexofenadine) : Le antihistamine yesizukulwane sesithathu inciphisa imiphumela yokungezwani komzimba nenkathi ethile yonyaka. Iphatha ukuthimula, ikhala eligobayo, ukuluma, namehlo anamanzi. Imiphumela emibi ibandakanya ikhanda, isicanucanu, amajaqamba okuya esikhathini, nokozela. Umthamo ojwayelekile we-Allegra uyithebhulethi eyodwa engama-60 mg kabili ngosuku, ngokufakwa okugunyaziwe okufika ku-180 mg ngosuku. I-Allegra yezingane iyatholakala njengoketshezi olunephunga namaphilisi angenakunyibilika.

Hlala uthintana nochwepheshe wezokunakekelwa kwempilo — njengosokhemisi wakho — uma ungaqiniseki ngomuthi wokungezwani komzimba owulungele kakhulu. Usokhemisi anganikeza iseluleko sezokwelapha mayelana nokuthi yikuphi imithi yokungezwani komzimba ongayiphuza ngenkathi ukhulelwe futhi ukuhlanganisa kanjani imithi yokungezwani komzimba .