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Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla 2021

Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla 2021Izindaba

Ziyini izinkinga zokudla? | Zivame kangakanani izinkinga zokudla? | Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla emhlabeni wonke | Izibalo zokudla ngokuya ocansini | Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweminyaka | Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile | Izinkinga zokudla nempilo yonke | Ukwelashwa kokuphazamiseka kokudla | Ucwaningo

Wonke umuntu unobudlelwano obuhlukile nokudla. Kwabanye, kungumthombo wenduduzo, ukuzitika, noma ukondliwa. Abanye bangaba nenhlangano engeyinhle futhi elimazayo nokudla. Ukuphazamiseka kokudla kuyizinkinga ezinkulu zempilo yengqondo, okukhombisa ubudlelwano obungenampilo bomuntu nokudla. Imbangela yokuphazamiseka kwemikhuba yokudla ifaka phakathi imiphumela yesinye isifo sengqondo, ufuzo, imidiya, isithombe esibi somzimba, kanye nokuhlukumezeka.



Ziyini izinkinga zokudla?

Izinkinga zokudla yizifo ezithinta ubudlelwane bomuntu ngokudla nangesimo somzimba. Abantu abanenkinga yokudla banemicabango eyeqile ngokudla, isisindo somzimba wabo noma ukuma kwabo, nokuthi bangakulawula kanjani ukudla abakudlayo. Izinhlobo zokuphazamiseka kokudla zifaka:



izindlela zemvelo zokwelapha ukutheleleka kwemvubelo
  • I-anorexia nervosa , okuyi ibonakala ngokuncipha noma ngokulondolozwa ngokudla ngokweqile, indlala, noma ukuvivinya umzimba ngokweqile.
  • Ukudla ngokweqile , okuyiKusho ukudla njalo inani elikhulu lokudla ngasikhathi sinye.
  • Bulimia amanosa , ngeizimpawu zifaka phakathi ukuhlanza, ukuphuza ama-laxatives, ukuzivocavoca umzimba noma ukuzila ukudla ukugwema ukuzuza kwesisindo ngemuva kokudla ngokweqile.

Umuntu angakubona lokhu njengesimo sokukhathazeka kwengqondo, imizwa yokudangala, noma abe nokuxubana nokukhathazeka nokudangala, kusho U-Anna Hindell , LCSW-R, udokotela wezifo zengqondo ozinze eNew York. Ukuphendukela ekulawuleni nokukhawulela ukudla okudliwayo noma ukuba umlutha wokubheja nokuhlanzanjalo uphawu noma umuzwa womuzwa ocashile umuntu ahlala nawo. Imvamisa kungumuzwa ongaxazululeki ohlobene nokuzethemba okuphansi, ukungabaluleki, noma ukucindezelwa okuhlukumezekile . Abantu baphendukela emzameni wokulawula ukudla noma ukudla imizwelo yabo esikhundleni sokubhekana nenkinga eyimbangela, uma ingalashwa.

kuthanda ukuhlolwa kwe-ranitidine ekuhlolweni kwezidakamizwa

Zivame kangakanani izinkinga zokudla?

  • Cishe abantu baseMelika abayizigidi ezingama-30 baphila nenkinga yokudla. (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders)
  • Izinkinga zokudla ziyisifo sesithathu esivame kakhulu esingapheli kwabesifazane abasebasha e-United States. ( Ijenali Yomhlaba Wonke Yezokwelapha Nezempilo , 2007)
  • Amadoda ayizigidi eziyishumi e-U.S. Azobhekana nenkinga yokudla empilweni yabo. (Inhlangano Kazwelonke Yokuphazamiseka Kokudla)
  • Ukusabalala kokuphazamiseka kwemikhuba yokudla kuphezulu kakhulu kulabo abanenkinga yokudla ngokweqile (5.5% uma kuqhathaniswa no-2% we-bulimia kanye no-1.2% we-anorexia). ( I-Biological Psychiatry , 2007)

Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla emhlabeni wonke

  • Ukusabalala kokuphazamiseka kwemikhuba yokudla emhlabeni kukhuphuke kusuka ku-3.4% kuya ku-7.8% phakathi kuka-2000 no-2018. ( I-American Journal Yezempilo Yomtholampilo , 2019)
  • Abantu abayizigidi ezingama-70 emhlabeni jikelele baphila nezinkinga zokudla. (Inhlangano Kazwelonke Yokuphazamiseka Kokudla)
  • IJapan inesifo esiphakeme kakhulu sokuphazamiseka kokudla e-Asia, kulandelwa iHong Kong, iSingapore, iTaiwan neSouth Korea. (International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2015)
  • I-Austria ibinezinga eliphakeme kakhulu lokusakazeka eYurophu ngo-1.55% kusukela ngo-2012. (Psychology Today, 2013)
  • Cishe isigamu sabo bonke abantu baseMelika bayamazi umuntu onenkinga yokudla. (UMnyango Wezempilo Wengqondo eSouth Carolina)

Izibalo zokudla ngokuya ocansini

  • Izinkinga zokudla zazandile kakhulu kwabesifazane abasebasha (3.8%) kunabesilisa (1.5%) e-U.S. Kusukela ngo-2001-2004. ( Ijenali yeAmerican Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 2010)
  • Ikota yalabo abane-anorexia ngabesilisa. Abesilisa basengozini enkulu yokufa ngoba batholakala sekwedlule isikhathi kakhulu kunabesifazane. Lokhu kungahle kube yingxenye ethile ngenxa yombono oyiphutha wokuthi amadoda awanawo inkinga yokudla. (Ikhathalogi Yezinsiza Zokudla, 2014)

Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweminyaka

  • Emhlabeni jikelele, u-13% wabesifazane asebekhulile kunama-50 bahlangabezana nokuziphatha kokungahambi kahle. ( Ijenali Yomhlaba Wonke Yezinkinga Zokudla , 2012)
  • Iminyaka ephakathi yokuphazamiseka kokuqala kokudla yayineminyaka engama-21 ubudala yokuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile kanye neminyaka engu-18 ye-anorexia ne-bulimia nervosa. ( Ijenali yeAmerican Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 2010)
  • Ukusabalala kokuphazamiseka kokudla e-US kwakungu-2.7% phakathi kwentsha kusukela ngo-2001-2004. ( Ijenali yeAmerican Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 2010)
  • Ezinganeni ezisakhula ezinenkinga yokudla, iqembu le-17- kuya kwengu-18 leminyaka laba nesifo esidlange kakhulu (3%). ( Ijenali yeAmerican Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 2010)

Abaphenyi balandela iqembu lamantombazane angama-496 asemasha edolobheni lase-US esikhathini esiyiminyaka eyisishiyagalombili bathola ukuthi lapho beneminyaka engama-20:



  • Ngaphezu kwamaphesenti ama-5 amantombazane ahlangabezane nenqubo ye-anorexia, bulimia, noma ukuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile.
  • Ngaphezu kwamaphesenti ayi-13 amantombazane abhekane nenkinga yokudla lapho kufaka phakathi izimpawu zokuphazamiseka kokudla okungacacisiwe.

(Ijenali Yengqondo Engajwayelekile , 2010)

Izibalo zokuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile

Ukuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile kubonakala ngeziqephu ezivamile zokudla ukudla okukhulu ngokungavamile ngesikhathi esifushane. Umuntu onenkinga yokudla ngokweqile uvame ukuzwa ukuthi ukudla ngokweqile kungaphandle kwamandla akhe futhi angazizwa ehlazeka ngenxa yako.

ungakwazi yini ukwelapha ukutheleleka ngemvubelo ngenkathi usebenzisa ama-antibiotic
  • Ukuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile yisifo esivame kakhulu sokudla e-U.S. (National Eating Disorders Association)
  • Cishe ama-3% abantu abadala babhekana nenkinga yokudla ngokweqile empilweni yabo. ( I-Biological Psychiatry , 2007)
  • Abesifazane baseMelika (3.5%) nabesilisa (2%) babhekana nenkinga yokudla ngokweqile ngesikhathi sokuphila kwabo, okwenza ukuphazamiseka kokudla ngokweqile kuphindwe kathathu kune-anorexia ne-bulimia kuhlangene. ( I-Biological Psychiatry , 2007)
  • Ngaphansi kwesigamu (43.6%) sabantu abanenkinga yokudla ngokweqile bazothola ukwelashwa. ( Udokotela Womndeni We-Osteopathic , 2013)

Umthelela wezinkinga zokudla

  • Cishe umuntu oyedwa uyafa njalo ngehora njengomphumela oqondile wenkinga yokudla. (I-Eating Disorders Coalition, 2016)
  • Izinkinga zokudla zinenani eliphakeme kakhulu lokufa kwanoma yisiphi isifo sengqondo. (USmink, F. E., van Hoeken, D., noHoek, H. W., 2012)
  • I-anorexia yisifo sengqondo esibulala kakhulu. Ucwaningo oluthile lwathola ukuthi abantu abane-anorexia banamathuba aphindwe ama-56 okuzibulala kunabantu abangenakho ukuphazamiseka kokudla. (I-Eating Disorders Coalition, 2016)
  • Kuze kube yingxenye yabantu abanenkinga yokudla abasebenzisa kabi utshwala noma izidakamizwa ezingekho emthethweni ngesilinganiso esiphindwe kahlanu kunabantu abaningi. (Isikhungo Sikazwelonke Sokulutha Nomlutha, 2003)
  • Iningi labantu (97%) labantu abalaliswe esibhedlela ngenxa yokuphazamiseka kokudla banesimo sempilo esenzeka ngokubambisana. Ukuphazamiseka kwemizwelo, njengokucindezeleka okukhulu, yisimo esiyisisekelo esiyisisekelo esilandelwa yizinkinga zokukhathazeka, njengokuphazamiseka ngokweqile, ukucindezeleka kwangemva kokuhlukumezeka, kanye nokuphazamiseka kokusebenzisa izidakamizwa. ( Ukuphazamiseka Kwemikhuba Yokudla: I-Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 2014)
  • Iziguli ezinesifo sikashukela ezinenkinga yokudla, zinenkinga yokulawula isifo sikashukela, esizichaya ezinkingeni zesifo sikashukela ezifana nesifo senhliziyo, isifo sohlangothi, i-neuropathy, ukungaboni, nesifo sezinso.

OKUSHIWO: Izibalo zokukhathazeka 2020



Ukwelapha ukuphazamiseka kokudla

Ngenxa yomphumela wokuphazamiseka kokudla emzimbeni nasengqondweni, izindlela zokwelashwa zivame ukufaka ukwelulekwa ngokwengqondo nangokondleka nokuqapha, ngokusho kwe Inhlangano Yezwe Yokuphazamiseka Kokudla .

Kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zokwelashwa kokuphazamiseka kokudla, kusho uHindell. Kunezinhlelo zokuhlala, ezezibhedlela, ezezinsuku zokwelashwa. Kwabaningi babantu abanenkinga yokudla, futhi abantu engibabonayo bangabantu abasebenza kahle, imvamisa izinhlobo ezinokuphelela kakhulu, abenza kahle ngokuxubana nokwelashwa kwengqondo, amaseshini nesazi sokudla, futhi kwesinye isikhathi, i-psychopharmacology.

Ngokulashwa kokuphazamiseka kokudla, iziguli ezingama-60% ziyalulama ngokugcwele. Kodwa-ke, umuntu oyedwa kwabayishumi abanenkinga yokudla ozofuna futhi athole ukwelashwa.



Ucwaningo lokuphazamiseka kokudla